Biometric Authentication System has more or less been everywhere for a while now. From government campaigns to private companies to log into a device or a service to using it to unlock our very own smartphones, we have heard about it everywhere and used it as well.

For those of us who have been using it without understanding it, we will now look at what is a biometric authentication system all about.

What is a Biometric Authentication System All About?

Biometric Authentication System is a setup for providing security that uses biological features of an individual to confirm his or her identity. Such systems compare the biometrics of individuals to the ones that are stored in a database and compare the two to confirm the authentication.

The system is being increasingly used to grant access to the right identity to physical places such as buildings and rooms or to digital resources such as computing devices and smartphones. Increasingly, the government is also using such authentication systems in different campaigns and security programs.

Now that we know what is a Biometric Authentication System all about, we can now look more in detail as to how biometric authentication is used.

Different Biometric Authentication Techniques

  1. Fingerprint Scanners

    There are three different kinds of fingerprint scanners that are categorised according to their working, these are:

    • Optical Scanner
    • Capacitive Scanner
    • Ultrasonic Scanner

    Fingerprint scanners technologies are widely used and are one of the most common forms of biometric detection currently used in the market. However, it is slowly being obsoleted as fingerprint identification can be worn and thus is not a reliable data source.

  2. Eye Scanners

    Eye scanners are believed to be one of the most reliable methods of biometric authentication for the simple reason that both the retina and the iris of an individual remain unchanged during their lifetime and thus provide fool-proof security. The two types are:

    • Retinal Scanners
    • Iris Scanners

    Iris and retinal scanners are fairly new technologies and often require close-up scanning of the individual’s eyes. Its current costs of implementation are higher than other technologies at the moment.

  3. Speech Recognition Scanners

    Speech recognition will identify the speaker and not the text that is being said. It can be:

    • Text-dependent
    • Text-independent

    Speech Recognition technologies are fairly new technologies and currently does not have a high accuracy performance.

  4. Facial recognition systems

    There are different methods of facial recognition systems. One is to figure out different features of the face from an image such as eyes, nose, and lips and compare them to other images. The other method used is to analyse the texture of the skin and other natural lines formed due to wrinkles or beauty marks and then compare them to other images. Facial recognition technologies are proven and mature and are one of the most widely used biometrics technologies in the market.

  5. Hand and finger geometry

    This kind of authentication system is not very popular since it is not unique as its other counterparts such as facial scanners and eye scanners. The method uses data such as the thickness of palm, width, and length of fingers, distance in knuckles, etc.

  6. Vein geometry

    A vein geometry scanner is among the most authentic and unique scans since the vein geometry of two individuals is never the same, not even the biological twins. These are also a safe method since they cannot be easily copied. Infrared light is used to light up the veins of a hand and they are copied. However such technologies are fairly expensive to deploy in comparison to other technologies.

Pros and Cons of Biometric Authentication System

Biometric Authentication System is often compared to its outmoded counterpart, the password or the use of PIN code since both of them are about providing security to a device, application or a place. The only way to identify what is a Biometric Authentication system’s pros and cons is by comparing it to using the password method of security.



Final Word

We hope that this article was educative enough to help you understand what is a Biometric Authentication System all about. Biometric Authentication Technology has become extremely popular among the users not just because it is easy to use and convenient but it is also equally fancy to use. There are no second thoughts about the fact that it is the technology we need in the world today but it is equally important to be cautious and updated while using it.

From simple precautions such as using a finger other than a thumb or an index finger to using a fingerprint-resistant cover, there is a lot that you can do to stay safe with the Biometrics Authentication System. So, always choose the right devices and service providers for your business when you deploy biometric solutions. You may also contact us if you want better understanding of what is a biometric authentication system all about.

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